Posts Tagged Power Grid

Plasma Gasification Plant Benefits


Plasma Gasification Plant Benefits

Plasma Gasification Plant (PGP) projects are being developed by at least five gas plasma technology companies, and there are real benefits to be obtained from this technology for the destruction of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW).

There is some debate still whether the process has been demonstrated to be a vaible technology which can be reliably operated by our waste management companies at reasonable cost and in compliance with all emissions regulations. However, the consensus seems to be largely in acceptance now that the technology is largely proven and inherently cleaner than incineration.

Although, gasification is used as a power generating technology, and gas plasma plants do provide a power feed-in to the local power grid, it should be realised by all that the purpose of selecting plasma gasification is currently that of achieving maximum waste mass destruction. The intent of the PGP is primarily to provide an efficent and clean method of dispoing of large quantities of residual MSW. Plasma gasification, although it does produce energy from waste is not primarliy an Energy from Waste (EfW) or Waste to Energy technology. There are other better proven, more efficient, and potentially always also cheaper ways to produce Energy from Waste, such as incineration.

PGPs suffer a high sacrificial load from the use of power at the electrodes to generate the plasma, and energy is also expended before the MSW reaches the plasma zone in the gasifier in chopping up and ensuring that the particle size of the waste is quite small. For this reason they do expend a large proportion of the power generated just in maintaining their own internal power demand.

However, as a waste destruction method producing an inert residue without creating at the same time high levels of toxic gaseous emissions the gas plasma process excels according to reports made to date. It has every reason to be cleaner as well because the reactions which take place in the plasma state take place so quickly and completely that the toxic organic chemicals produced in other combustion processes simply don’t get a change to be produced.

For a waste management process PGP therefore holds a very good prospect of adoption, as it is a process which is very efficient at diverting waste away from landfill, and thus scores highly among local authority waste disposal engineers who are constantly seeking to comply with regulations to reduce the amount of organic waste sent to landfill.

The PGP process however, also holds another merit and that is that it is being viewed more favourably by the public than incineration, and one main reason for that would be its clean emissions record when compared with incinerators historically.

Throughout Europe the requirement for BMW to be reduced by ever larger percentages necessitates the use of new technology to achieve this high rate of waste diversion, even after high recycling has also been achieved.

Look out for a plasma gasification plant appearing in a district near you soon, and look favourably upon it!

Steve has built a great web site where there are a lot more facts about gasification. This is a hot subject indeed for this technology which has become an essential read for all those who appreciate renewable energy issues and are interested in taking action to reduce the impact of climate change.Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Steve_D_Evans

 


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Plasma Gasification Plant Benefits


Plasma Gasification Plant Benefits

Plasma Gasification Plant (PGP) projects are being developed by at least five gas plasma technology companies, and there are real benefits to be obtained from this technology for the destruction of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW).

There is some debate still whether the process has been demonstrated to be a vaible technology which can be reliably operated by our waste management companies at reasonable cost and in compliance with all emissions regulations. However, the consensus seems to be largely in acceptance now that the technology is largely proven and inherently cleaner than incineration.

Although, gasification is used as a power generating technology, and gas plasma plants do provide a power feed-in to the local power grid, it should be realised by all that the purpose of selecting plasma gasification is currently that of achieving maximum waste mass destruction. The intent of the PGP is primarily to provide an efficent and clean method of dispoing of large quantities of residual MSW. Plasma gasification, although it does produce energy from waste is not primarliy an Energy from Waste (EfW) or Waste to Energy technology. There are other better proven, more efficient, and potentially always also cheaper ways to produce Energy from Waste, such as incineration.

PGPs suffer a high sacrificial load from the use of power at the electrodes to generate the plasma, and energy is also expended before the MSW reaches the plasma zone in the gasifier in chopping up and ensuring that the particle size of the waste is quite small. For this reason they do expend a large proportion of the power generated just in maintaining their own internal power demand.

However, as a waste destruction method producing an inert residue without creating at the same time high levels of toxic gaseous emissions the gas plasma process excels according to reports made to date. It has every reason to be cleaner as well because the reactions which take place in the plasma state take place so quickly and completely that the toxic organic chemicals produced in other combustion processes simply don’t get a change to be produced.

For a waste management process PGP therefore holds a very good prospect of adoption, as it is a process which is very efficient at diverting waste away from landfill, and thus scores highly among local authority waste disposal engineers who are constantly seeking to comply with regulations to reduce the amount of organic waste sent to landfill.

The PGP process however, also holds another merit and that is that it is being viewed more favourably by the public than incineration, and one main reason for that would be its clean emissions record when compared with incinerators historically.

Throughout Europe the requirement for BMW to be reduced by ever larger percentages necessitates the use of new technology to achieve this high rate of waste diversion, even after high recycling has also been achieved.

Look out for a plasma gasification plant appearing in a district near you soon, and look favourably upon it!

Steve has built a great web site where there are a lot more facts about gasification. This is a hot subject indeed for this technology which has become an essential read for all those who appreciate renewable energy issues and are interested in taking action to reduce the impact of climate change.Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Steve_D_Evans

 


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Plasma Gasification Plant Benefits


Plasma Gasification Plant Benefits

Plasma Gasification Plant (PGP) projects are being developed by at least five gas plasma technology companies, and there are real benefits to be obtained from this technology for the destruction of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW).

There is some debate still whether the process has been demonstrated to be a vaible technology which can be reliably operated by our waste management companies at reasonable cost and in compliance with all emissions regulations. However, the consensus seems to be largely in acceptance now that the technology is largely proven and inherently cleaner than incineration.

Although, gasification is used as a power generating technology, and gas plasma plants do provide a power feed-in to the local power grid, it should be realised by all that the purpose of selecting plasma gasification is currently that of achieving maximum waste mass destruction. The intent of the PGP is primarily to provide an efficent and clean method of dispoing of large quantities of residual MSW. Plasma gasification, although it does produce energy from waste is not primarliy an Energy from Waste (EfW) or Waste to Energy technology. There are other better proven, more efficient, and potentially always also cheaper ways to produce Energy from Waste, such as incineration.

PGPs suffer a high sacrificial load from the use of power at the electrodes to generate the plasma, and energy is also expended before the MSW reaches the plasma zone in the gasifier in chopping up and ensuring that the particle size of the waste is quite small. For this reason they do expend a large proportion of the power generated just in maintaining their own internal power demand.

However, as a waste destruction method producing an inert residue without creating at the same time high levels of toxic gaseous emissions the gas plasma process excels according to reports made to date. It has every reason to be cleaner as well because the reactions which take place in the plasma state take place so quickly and completely that the toxic organic chemicals produced in other combustion processes simply don’t get a change to be produced.

For a waste management process PGP therefore holds a very good prospect of adoption, as it is a process which is very efficient at diverting waste away from landfill, and thus scores highly among local authority waste disposal engineers who are constantly seeking to comply with regulations to reduce the amount of organic waste sent to landfill.

The PGP process however, also holds another merit and that is that it is being viewed more favourably by the public than incineration, and one main reason for that would be its clean emissions record when compared with incinerators historically.

Throughout Europe the requirement for BMW to be reduced by ever larger percentages necessitates the use of new technology to achieve this high rate of waste diversion, even after high recycling has also been achieved.

Look out for a plasma gasification plant appearing in a district near you soon, and look favourably upon it!

Steve has built a great web site where there are a lot more facts about gasification. This is a hot subject indeed for this technology which has become an essential read for all those who appreciate renewable energy issues and are interested in taking action to reduce the impact of climate change.Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Steve_D_Evans

 


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Signet Solar joins BSC-Solar to develop power plant in Czech …

Signet Solar joins BSC-Solar to develop power plant in Czech Republic.

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Subsidized grid connected photovoltaics tariffs in Europe

The Feed-in Tariff (FIT) is an incentive made to recompense the production of renewable energy both by households and investors. Power companies are supposed to purchase back, at rates higher than the market, power produced from renewable sources; such as wind, thermal solar, PV solar, biomass, hydro and geothermal. This tariff is also called Feed-in Law, Solar Premium, Renewable Tariff or Renewable Energy Payments. FIT helps make the production of renewable energy economically viable. Usually governments secure the tariff for up to 15, 20 or even 25 years from the date of the setup.

The advance of sources of renewable energy is deemed critical to avoiding climate change. The cost of producing renewable energy is still higher than the cost of producing energy from petrol and carbon. FIT tries to counterbalance this difference, thus making more attractive renewable energy installations, asking the utility company to repurchase and reuse the power made by renewable installations. The difference in cost is spread over all of the customers of the power grid. FIT requires net metering regulation to account for electricity purchased from the grid and energy sold to the grid.

FIT is seen as more effective than quotas enforced on power companies, because it satisfies the morality of people. What follows is a simplified summary of FIT policies by some European countries.

COUNTRY BRACKET 1
(0 < 5 kWp)
BRACKET 2
(5 < 10 kWp)
BRACKET 3
(> 10 kWp)
YEARS NOTE
Austria 0.46 €/kWh 0.40 €/kWh 0.30 €/kWh lower after 10 yrs
Belgium 1.09 €/kWh 0.82 €/kWh 0.54 €/kWh 15 lower after 10 yrs, < 250 kWp
Bulgaria 0.40 €/kWh 0.36 €/kWh 0.36 €/kWh lower after 10 yrs, bracket 3 = bracket 2
Czech Republic 0.53 €/kWh 0.53 €/kWh 0.53 €/kWh 20 fixed
France 0.55 €/kWh 0.55 €/kWh 0.55 €/kWh 20 fixed, 0.30 €/kWh ground
Germany (0 < 30kWp) 0.43 (30 < 100 kWp) 0.41 €/kWh (100 < 1000) 0.40 €/kWh 20 > 1000 kWp 0.33 €/kWh
Greece (0 <100 kWp) 0.46 €/kWh (> 100 kWp) 0.40 €/kWh 10
Italy (0 < 3kWp) 0.49 €/kWh (3 < 20 kWp) 0.46 €/kWh (20 < ) 0.44 €/kWh 20
Luxenbourg (0 < 30kWp) 0.41 €/kWh (30 < 1000 kWp) 0.36 €/kWh 15
Netherlands (0.6 < 3kWp) 0.33 €/kWh 15
Portugal 0.55 €/kWh 0.40 €/kWh 5 max 50 MW buildings. 150 ground
Slovenia 0.39 €/kWh 0.39 €/kWh 0.39 €/kWh 10 fixed
Spain 0.33 €/kWh 0.33 €/kWh 0.33 €/kWh 25 fixed

 

 

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Learning About Solar Energy

Light, and more particularly sunlight is a readily available source of energy that can be used to make heat as well as to generate electricity, and this is the first thing that we need to learn about solar energy. Secondly, it is a very clean way to produce electricity, and, unlike other sources of energy, does not cause any pollution in the atmosphere and is available in two main forms.

Solar Thermal Conversion Or Photo-Voltaic

There are two ways of constructing your own solar power.  One is called thermal conversion which the heat collected from the sun turned into electricity.  The second type called photo-voltaic conversion consists of thin sheets that are made of special material that collect sunlight and generate electricity directly from the sun.

Compared to oil based and other alternate energy system production, solar energy is more cost effective and is also portable in that it can be used anywhere regardless of the location of the power grid.  This is the major benefit of solar energy which puts it a step ahead of other methods of power generation.

There are many different benefits that are offered to us by solar energy, and which we should all be taking advantage of rather than letting them pass us by. One of the greatest benefits of a solar energy system involves the economic benefits. Solar home systems provide the least-cost means of receiving high quality home lighting and when low-cost financing is available, monthly payments for a solar home system are often below what a family is currently paying.

The only stumbling block with regard to learning about solar energy is that many times you will be confronted with facts that are really not facts. However, by turning to using photo-voltaic cells to produce electricity, we are moving in the right direction and the good news is that man is constantly striving to make more efficient solar cells so that in the future we can put all that we have learnt about solar energy to good use and save the planet from global warming and other threats.

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